Vol. 2, No. 3, p. 121-134 - Jun. 30, 2015
Economic importance of date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. (Liliopsida: Arecales: Arecaceae) pests in Jordan Valley
Tawfiq M. Al Antary, Mashhour M. Al-Khawaldeh and Mazen A. Ateyyat
Field trips were conducted in two date palm farms in Jordan Valley from April, 1999 to December, 2000 and random samples and observations for field status for date palm pests in different regions in Jordan from 2001 to 2014 to show the economic importance for fourteen insect pests. These pests namely are green scale Asterolecanium phoenicis Ramachanda Rao, gray date scale Parlatoria blanchardi (Targioni Tozzetti), red scale Phoenicococcus marlatti Cockerell, Old World date bug Ommatissus binotatus lybicus de Bergevin, date thrips Adiheteothrips jambudvipae Ramok, great date moth Arenipses sabella (Hampson), lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraula Meyrick, ephestia moth Ephestia spp, red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier, dried fruits beetle Carpophilus hemipterus (L.), pineapple beetle Urophorus humeralis Fabricius, rhinoceros borer beetle Oryctes rhinoceros (L.), Oriental wasp Vespa orientalis Fabricius and vinegar fly Drosophila melanogaster (Meigen).
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