Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences (ISSN 2358-2731)

Home Archive v. 7, no. 16 (2020) Koka


Vol. 7, No. 16, p. 229-238 - Aug. 31, 2020


Evaluation of different plant extracts for effective management of fungal rot of tomato and brinjal in Kashmir Valley

Jahangir Abdullah Koka , Abdul Hamid Wani and Mohd Yaqub Bhat

The aim of present research was focused on the antifungal activities of Prunella vulgaris L and Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews via in vitro approach through agar well diffusion assay at three concentrations (25 µL, 50 µL and 75 µL) against fungi causing diseases in tomato and brinjal. All the concentration of plant extracts showed antimycotic activity against tested pathogenic fungi. Antimycotic activity increased with the increased concentrations of plant extracts. However, higher concentrations proved more effective than lower concentrations. It was revealed from the present study that the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Prunella vulgaris L showed maximum antimycotic activity against Rhizoctonia solani and least inhibitory effect against Penicillium chrysogenum. It was further revealed from the present study that the ethanolic extract of Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews showed maximum antimycotic activity against Penicillium expansum and least activity against Mucor plumbeus. Whereas the aqueous extract of Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews showed maximum antimycotic activity against Rhizoctonia solani and Penicllium expansum and least inhibitory effect against Mucor plumbeus.

Antifungal activity; Rot causing fungi; Concentration; Plant extracts; Agar Well Diffusion.


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