Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences (ISSN 2358-2731)

Home Archive v. 7, no. 16 (2020) Maia-Carneiro


Vol. 7, No. 16, p. 149-151 - Aug. 31, 2020


Climbing behavior of Rhinella icterica (Spix, 1824) (Anura, Bufonidae): A typically terrestrial toad being scansorial

Thiago Maia-Carneiro and Rodrigo Maia-Solidade

Toads of the Family Bufonidae do present diversified life histories, most of them are terrestrial, but there are aquatic and arboreal species. Rhinella icterica (Spix, 1824) (Anura, Bufonidae) is a ground dweller bufonid that use the habitat mainly horizontally. Here, we report the occurrence of climbing behavior in R. icterica, adding knowledge with respect to its types of locomotion. The individual was found on the ground and when perceived the presence of the observer it jumped to a wall, hit it, fell back to the ground, and then started to climb the wall. The toad climbed slowly, but apparently without difficulty, since it went up without slipping until the top of the ravine. Performing a given locomotor behavior even rarely confer additional ability to evade from threats and to access otherwise inaccessible food and spatial resources. Whether this behavior is common or rare for ground dwelling Rhinella is still obscure, nevertheless, at least some typically terrestrial species of the genus are capable of climbing and, as R. icterica, use the habitat vertically.

Locomotion; Locomotor behavior; Microhabitat use; Scansoriality; Space use.


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ISSN 2358-2731