Vol. 6, No. 13, p. 359-365 - Aug. 31, 2019
Effect of polythene pot thickness on seedling growth of Chrysophyllum albidum G. Don (Ericales: Sapotaceae)
M. O. Ojo and T. Adeniran
The study investigated the response of tree seedlings to different pot thickness. Chrysophyllum albidum G. Don (Ericales: Sapotaceae) seedlings were subjected to four treatments, T1 = 0.01 mm pot polythene thickness, T2 = 0.02 mm polythene pot thickness, T3 = 0.03 mm polythene pot thickness, T4 = 0.04 mm pot polythene thickness, 0.01 mm served as control. There were four treatments replicated five times making a total of twenty seedlings altogether. The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Growth parameters assessed fortnightly were plant height (cm), stem diameter (mm) and number of leaves. Soil temperature of each treatment at different time intervals were also monitored and recorded. Data recorded were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The result showed that T1 had the best performance in terms of plant height and stem diameter while equal number of leaves were recorded in all the treatments. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that there were no significant differences among treatments at 5% level of significance. This indicates that polythene pot thickness of 0.01 mm-0.04 mm can be used to raise C. albidum seedlings at the nursery stage. Soil temperature increases with polythene pot thickness. Hence, T4 gave the highest soil temperature of 36.7 oC. Soil temperature and seedlings growth increases with polythene pots thickness. For optimum growth and development of C. albidum seedlings in the nursery 0.01 mm polythene pot should be used.
Chrysophyllum albidum seedlings; Agbalumo; Udala; African star apple; Polythene thickness; Soil temperature.
Adepoju, O.; Adeniji, T. P. O. Nutrient composition and micronutrient potential of three widly grown varieties of African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) from Nigeria. African Journal of Food Science, v. 6, p. 344-351, 2012.
Adewusi, H. A. The African star apple Chrysophyllum albidum indigenous knowledge i.k from Ibadan, South Western Nigeria. In: Denton, O. A.; Ladipo, D. O.; Adetoro, M. A.; Sarumi, M. B. (Eds). Proceedings of a National Workshop on the Potentials of Star Apple in Nigeria. Ibadan, Nigeria: CENRAD, 1997. p. 25-33.
Adisa, S. A. Vitamin C protein and mineral content of African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum). Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of NIST, p. 141-146, 2000.
Adu-Berko, F.; Idun, I. A.; Amoah, F. M. Influence of the size of nursery bags on the growth and development of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) seedling. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, v. 1, no. 4, p. 440-441, 2011.
Annapurna, D.; Rathore, T. S.; Geeta, J. Effect of container type and size on the growth and quality of seedlings of Indian sandalwood (Santhahim album L.). Australian Forestry, v. 67, n. 2, p. 82-87, 2004.
Bada S. O. preliminary binformation on nthe ecology of Chrysophyllum albidum in west and central Africa. In: Denton, O. A.; Ladipo, D. O.; Adetoro, M. A.; Sarumi, M. B. (Eds.). Proceedings of a National Workshop on the Potentials of Star Apple in Nigeria. Ibadan, Nigeria: CENRAD, 1997. p 16-25.
Buritis, B. Studies on mineral nutrition of Gambaya albidum. Ibadan: Department of Forest Resources Management, University of Ibadan, 2002. (M. Sc. thesis).
Christopher, E. A.; Miranda, I. D. Chemical evaluation of proximate composition, ascorbic acid and anti-nutrients content of African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) fruit. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences, v. 9, no. 1, p 17-46, 2011.
Dun, G. M.; Hutch, J. R.; Lawtey, M. J. Coating nursery container with copper carbonate improve root morphology of five native Australian tree species used in Agro Forestry System. Agroforestry System, v. 37, no. 2, p. 143-155, 1997. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005863707277
FRIN - Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria. Annual meteorological report. Ibadan: FRIN, 2013.
George, O. A.; Adenipekun, E. O.; Fasogbon, S. A.; Oparanozie, J. A. Antimicrobial activities of Chrysophyllum albidum leaves, fruits and seeds. American Journal of Biomedical Sciences, v. 10, no. 1, p. 28-44, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5099/aj180100028
Gera, M.; Gera, N.; Bhandari, A. S.; Pant, N. C. Improved seedling quality of polybag plants of Albizia procera: Use of mounted angle iron beds. Indian Forester, v. 126, no. 9, p. 943-947, 2000.
Gera, M.; Sharma, S.; Bhandari, A. S.; Srivastava, R. L. A trial on improved polybag seedlings production system. Indian Forester, v. 122, no. 11, p. 992-998, 1996.
Haldankar, P. M.; Parulekar, Y. R.; Kulkarni, M. M.; Lawande, K.E. Effect of size of polythene bag on survival and growth of Mango grafts. Journal of Plant Studies, v. 3, no. 1, p 91-95 2014.
Helaly, A. A.; Goda, Y.; El-Rahim, A. A.; Mohammed, A. A.; El-Zeiny, O. A. H. Effect of polythene mulching type on the growth, yield and fruit quality of Physalis pubescens. Advances in Plants Agriculture Research, v. 6, no. 5, p. 154-160, 2017.
Hostettmann, K.; Marston, A.; Ndjoko, K.; Wolfender, J.-L. The potential of African plants as a source of drugs. Current Organic Chemistry, v. 4, n. 10, p. 973-1010, 2000. https://doi.org/10.2174/1385272003375923
Houessou, L. G.; Lougbegnon, T. O.; Gbesso, F. G. H.; Anagonou, L. E. S.; Sinsin, B. Ethno-botanical study of the African star apple Chrysophyllum albidum G. Don in the Southern Benin (West Africa). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 8:40, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-8-40
Jaenicke, H. Good tree nursery practices: Practical guidelines for research nurseries. Nairob: ICRAF, 1999.
Jones, S. J. Essential of good planting. Stock, Forest and Forest Technician Bulletin, no. 2, p. 1-7, 1993.
Josiah, S. J.; Jones, N. Root trainers in seedlings production system for tropical forestry and agro forestry. Washington DC, USA: World Bank Asia, Technical Department, Agricultural Division, 1992.
Miller, J. H.; Jones, N. Organic compost-based growing media for tree seedling nurseries. World Bank Technical Paper, n. 264, p. 75, 1995.
Nabieu, P. The effect of size of polythene on cocoa seedlings establishment in the nursery. Liberian Agricultural Forestry and Environment Blog, 2017. Available from: <https://lafeb.co.network/the-effect-of-size-of-polythene-on-cocoa-seedling-establishment-in-the-nursery/>. Accessed on: Jan. 21, 2019.
Nnadi,P.; Anyanwu, D. I. Effect of extraction method soil media on germination and seedling establishment of Chrsophyllum albidum. International Journal of Horticulture and Forestry Research, v. 2, n. 1, p. 1-11. 2018.
Nunez, G.; Osborne, R. K. The effects of potting container size and irrigation frequency on medium temperature. Proceedings of the International Plant Propagator Society, v. 64, p. 171, 2014.
Okunomo, K.; Egho, E. O. Economic importance of some underexploited tree species in Nigeria: Urgent need for separate research centers. Continental Journal of Biological Sciences, v. 3, p. 16-32, 2010.
Onyekwelu, J. C.; Stimm, B. Chrysophyllum albidum. Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse: Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527678518.ehg2011015
Rabendrum, N.; Jeyasingam, K . The effect of pot size and mulch on planting stock of exotic and indigenous species in Sri Lanka. In: Yapa, A. E. (Ed.). Proceedings of the International Symposium on Recent Advances in Tropical Tree Seed Technology and Planting Stock Production. Muak-Lek, Saraburi, Thailand, ASEAN Forest Tree Centre, p. 119-125, 1996.
Reginato, G.; Mesa, K.; Riquelme, C. Fruit size and yield efficiency of Gala apples grown in Chile depend on winter temperatures and season length. European Journal of Horticultural Science, v. 84, no. 3, p. 124-130, 2019.
Singh, A. Fruit physiology and production. 5. ed. Ludhiana: Kalyani Publishers, 2003.
Singh, P.; Agnihotri, Y.; Mittal, S. P.; Mishra, P. R. Optimum size and thickness of polythene bags for raising nursery of Eucalptus hybrid. The Indian Forester, v. 111, n. 5, p. 318-327, 1985.
Ureigho, U. N. Nutrient values of Chrysophyllum albidum Linn. African star apple as a domestic income plantation species. African Research, n. 4, p. 50-56, 2010.