Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences (ISSN 2358-2731)

Home Archive v. 6, no. 12 (2019) Latrech


Vol. 6, No. 12, p. 189-201 - Apr. 30, 2019


Long-term trend analysis of climatic variables and reference evapotranspiration over different urban areas in Tunisia

Basma Latrech , Hiba Ghazouani , Lasram Asma , Boutheina M'hamdi Douh , Mansour Mohsen and Abdelhamid Boujelben

In this study, the trend analysis of annual climatic variables including Tmax, Tmin, Tmean, RHmean, WS and SR as well as FAO-56 PM ET0 were investigated in three locations in Tunisia during 1984-2007. The Mann-Kendall Test, the Sen's Slope Estimator and linear regression tests were used for the analysis. The obtained results showed a significant increasing trends (α < 0.001) and (α < 0.01) in annual Tmax, Tmin and Tmean at all the considered locations. However, Tmin increase faster than Tmax with a slope of magnitudes ranging between 0.057 to 0.1 oC year-1. For RHmean, a non-significant tendency of decrease was observed in Chott-Mariem station. However, significantly increasing trends were found for Kelibia and Tunis Carthage. Concerning the WS variable, a tendency of decrease is observed during the study period for all the stations. Nevertheless, the statistical analysis of decreasing tendency of wind speed varied from non-significant for Tunis Carthage to highly significant (α ≤ 0.001) at Chott-Mariem and Kelibia. Despite the highly significant upward trend of temperature, the temporal pattern of mean annual FAO56 PM-ET0, over the different stations, did not exhibit any significant trend except for Kelibia station.

Trend analysis; Mann-Kendall Test; Sen's Slope Estimator; Linear regression; Climatic variables; FAO56 PM ET0; Tunisia.


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