Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences (ISSN 2358-2731)

Home Archive v. 4, No. 7 (2017) Dalhat


Vol. 4, No. 7, p. 181-194 - Jun. 30, 2017


Intensity of urinary schistosomiasis on gender-aged group of primary schools children in Sokoto South and Kware Area, Sokoto State, Nigeria

Mudassiru Dalhat , Abdulhadi Bawa Jibia , Dahiru Mohammed and Sama'ila Abdullahi

Study was conducted to determine the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among school children in three selected primary schools around Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria. A total of 375 samples of urine examined for the eggs of Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni using standard filtration technique. The prevalence and parasite load of S. haematobium were 60.80% and 43.85/10 mL of urine. The prevalence varied among schools, age of children, gender and water contact. The highest prevalence of 75.20% was recorded in Basansan Model Primary School. Age group 9-12 years had the highest (71.42%) prevalence of infection. Males with the prevalence of 79.57% were more infected than females with prevalence of 29.28%. Based on occupation and water contact activities, the result showed that children of farmers had the highest prevalence of 71.50% and 84.87%, children whose source of drinking water is from Dam, had the highest prevalence of 75.24%. The study area is endemic for urinary schistosomiasis with high significant variation (P < 0.01) between the prevalence of the infections in almost all the primary schools. Health Education Campaign, treatment of infected individuals, provision of safe water for domestic uses and control of snails' vector should be encouraged.

Prevalence; Schistosomiasis; Intensity; Children; Urine analysis; Gender.


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