Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences (ISSN 2358-2731)



Home Archive v. 3, no. 6 (2016) Kamdem

 

Vol. 3, No. 6, p. 351-365 - Dec. 31, 2016

 

Effects of soil treated glyphosate on growth parameters and chlorophyll content of maize Zea mays L. and bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. plants



Michel Mathurin Kamdem , Nicolas Njintang Yanou and Juliane Filser

Abstract
Extended use of glyphosate poses the problem of its accumulation into soil and further on crops. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different doses of soil glyphosate on growth parameters and chlorophyll content of maize Zea mays L. and bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. plants. An experiment was arranged in randomized complete blocks design with ten replications. Glyphosate solutions were applied to the soil in six concentrations, two subdoses of 0.1 and 0.2 g, the recommended dose of 0.4 g and three overdoses of 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 g kg-1 of soil. An uncontaminated soil control was used. At 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after sowing (DAS), evaluations of plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, leaf surface and plant injury were conducted. At 42 DAS, nodulation (in bean), root length, chlorophyll and dry matter yield were assessed. Already at the recommended dose and beyond, glyphosate caused significant damage to growth characteristics, nodulation and chlorophyll content in both plants. Some similar effects of the product were observed on the both plants at each time period. Therefore, there was an evidence that soil glyphosate already at the recommended dose had an inhibitory and even a phytocide effects on non-target plants.


Keywords
Common bean; Maize; Glyphosate doses; Plant growth; Chlorophyll.

DOI
10.21472/bjbs.030611

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