Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences (ISSN 2358-2731)

Home Archive v. 2, n. 4 (2015) Roy


Vol. 2, No. 4, p. 343-367 - Dec. 31, 2015


Status and recorded of sharks and rays in the Bay of Bengal of Bangladesh Region

Bikram Jit Roy, Nripendra Kumar Singha, Md. Gaziur Rhaman and A. H. M. Hasan Ali

The study was conducted during April, 2006 to March, 2014 on the status of shark fishery (shark and ray) resources in the Bay of Bengal of Bangladesh region; data were collected from Fishery ghat fish landing center, Chittagong and BFDC fish harbor, Cox's Bazar. A total 11 species of sharks belonging to 3 families (Carcharhinidae, 8 spp; Sphyrnidae, 2 spp; and Hemiscyllidae, 1 sp) and 24 species of rays belonging to 7 families (Dasyatidae, 14 spp; Rhinobatidae, 2 spp; Rhynchobatidae, 1 sp; Gymnuridae 1 sp; Myliobatidae; 2 spp; Rhinopteridae, 2 spp; and Mobulidae, 2 sp) were recorded. The elasmobranch species, such as sharks were grey sharp nose shark (Rhizoprionodon oligolinx Springer, 1964), graceful shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides Whitley, 1934), bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas Valenciennes in Müller and Henle, 1839), black tip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus Quoy and Gaimard, 1824), soft tail shark (Carcharhinus sorrah Valenciennes in Müller and Henle, 1839), milk shark (Rhizoprionodon acutus Rupell, 1837), spade nose shark (Scoliodon laticaudus Cuvier, 1829), tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier Peron and LeSueur in LeSueur, 1822), scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini (E. Griffith & C. H. Smith, 1834)), great hammerhead shark (Sphyrna mokarran Ruppell, 1837) and slender bamboo shark (Chiloscyllum indicum Gmelin, 1789). And the ray's species were pink whip ray (Himantura fai Jordan and Seale, 1906), tube mouth whip ray (Himantura lobistoma Manjaji-Matsumoto & Last, 2006), leopard whip ray (Himantura undulata Bleeker, 1852), white spotted whip ray (Himantura gerrardi Person and Lesucur, 1822), reticulate whip ray (Himantura uarnak Forsskal, 1775), brown whip ray (Himantura uarnacoides Bleeker, 1852), scaly whip ray (Himantura imbricata Bloch and Schneider, 1801), dwarf whip ray (Himantura walga Müller and Henle, 1841), Chinese sting ray (Dasyatis sinensis Steindachner, 1892), sharp nose sting ray (Dasyatis zugei Müller and Henle, 1841), blue spotted sting ray (Dasyatis kuhlii Müller and Henle, 1841), banana leaf-tail ray (Pastinachus sephen Forsskal, 1775), blotched fantail ray (Taeniura meyeni Müller and Henle, 1841), porcupine ray (Urogymnus asperrimus Bloch and Schneider, 1801), giant shovelnose ray (Rhinobatos typus Bennett, 1830), club nose guitar fish (Rhinobatos thouin Anonymous in Lacepede, 1798), bowmouth guitar fish (Rhina ancylostoma Bloch and Schneider, 1801), Japanese butterfly ray (Gymnura japonica Schlegal, 1850), banded eagle ray (Aetomylaeus nichofii Blyth, 1860), white spotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari Euphrasen, 1790), rough cow nose ray (Rhinoptera adspersa Valenciennes in Müller and Henle, 1841), Javanese cow nose ray (Rhinoptera javanica Müller and Henle, 1841), lesser devil ray (Mobula kuhlii Valenciennes in Müller and Henle, 1841) and Japanese devil ray (Mobula japonica Müller and Henle, 1841). Among the shark species, spade nose shark (Scoliodon laticaudus), milk shark (Rhizoprionodon acutus), black tip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) and scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini) were dominantly exploited and grey sharp nose shark (Rhizoprionodon oligolinx), graceful shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides) and soft tail shark (Carcharhinus sorrah) are rarely exploited. And belong to ray species reticulate whip ray (Himantura uarnak), brown whip ray (Himantura uarnacoides), dwarf whip ray (Himantura walga), giant shovelnose ray (Rhinobatos typus) and white spotted whip ray (Himantura gerrardi) were prominently landed and banana leaf-tail ray (Pastinachus sephen), blotched fantail ray (Taeniura meyeni), rough cow nose ray (Rhinoptera adspersa), pink whip ray (Himantura fai), tube mouth whip ray (Himantura lobistoma), white spotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari) and sharp nose sting ray (Dasyatis zugei) were rarely found.

Sharks, Rays, Landing volumes, Artisanal and industrial fishing.

Full text

Ali, A.; Albert, C. G.; Mable, M.-M.; Anne, L. P. K. Field guide to rays and chimaeras of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. Malaysia. 2007.

Bonfil, R.; Abdullah, M. Field identification guide to the sharks and rays of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2003. (FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes).

Cantor, T. Catalogue of Malaysia fishes. J. Asiat. Soc. Beng., v. 18, n. 2, p. 1-983, 1849.

CMS - Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. Review of migratory Chondrichthyan fishes. IUCN Species Survival Commissionís Shark Specialist Group. 2007. (CMS Technical Series No. 15).

Compagno, L.; Dando, M.; Fowler, S. A field guide to sharks of the World. London, UK: Harper Collins, 2005.

Day, F. The fishes of India: being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma and Ceylon. London: B. Quaritch, 1878. Available from: <>. Accessed in: oct. 22, 2015.

Devadoss, P. E.; Vivekanandan, S. G.; Rage; Mathew, G.; Chandrasekhar, S. Elasmobranchs resources of India. New Delhi: CMFRI Golden Jubilee Publication, 1997. v. 1.

DoF. Fisheries statistical year book of Bangladesh (2013-2014). Dhaka: Department of Fisheries, 2013-2014.

FAO. Species identification sheets. Rome: FAO, 1984. (Fishing Area 51).

Gambang, A.; Ahmad, A.; Anne, L. P. K. Field guide to sharks of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department. Malaysia, 2007.

Halder, G. C. National Plan of Action for Shark Fisheries in Bangladesh. In: Hussain, M. G.; Hoq, M. E. (Eds.). Sustainable management of fisheries resources of the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh: Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute, 2010.

Hanfee, F. Management of shark fisheries in two Indian Coastal State: Tamil Nadu and Kerala. 1998. Available from: <>. Accessed in: Jul. 27, 2011.

Hausfather, Z. India's Shark Trade: an analysis of Indian shark landing based on shark fin exports. Lowa: Grinnell College, 2004.

Hussain, M. M. The marine and estuarine fishes of North East part of the Bay of Bengal, Scientific Researches, East Regional Laboratories, Dhaka (Pakistan). v. 7, n. 1, 1970.

IUCN - The World Conservation Union. Red book of threatened fishes of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh: IUCN Bangladesh Country Office, 2000.

Munro, I. S. R. The marine and fresh water fishes of Ceylon. Comulla, Australia: Department of External Affairs, 1982.

Quddus M. M. A.; Sarkar, M. N.; Banerjee, A. K. Studies of the Chondrichthyes fauna (sharks, skates and rays) of the Bay of Bengal. The Journal of Noamii, v. 5, n. 2, p. 19-23, 1988.

Rahman, A. K. A.; Kabir, S. M. H., Ahmad, M.; Ahmed, A. T. A.; Ahmed, Z. U.; Begum, Z. N. T.; Hassan, M. A., Khodker, M. (Eds.). Encyclopedia of flora and fauna of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 2009. v. 24. (Marine Fishes).

Raje, S. G.; Sivakami, S.; Moharaj, G.; Manoj, K. P. P.; Raju, A.; Joshi, K. K. An atlas on the elasmobranch fishery resources of India. Cochin: CMFRI, 2007. (CMFRI special publication, No. 95).

Roy, B. J., Dey, M. P., Alam, M. F.; Singha, N. K. Present status of shark fishing in the marine water of Bangladesh. UNEP/CMS/MS/Inf/10, 2007. Available from: <>. Accessed in: May 30, 2011.

Scott, J. S. An introduction to the sea fishes of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Government Press, 1959.

SEAFDEC. Report of the special meeting on sharks information collection in South East Asia, 15-17 September, 2011. South East Asian Fisheries Development Center, Training Department, Bangkok, Thailand. TD/RP/156, March, 2012.

Siriraksophon, S. SEAFDEC Policy and Programme Coordinator, Report of the special meeting on sharks information collection in South East Asia, 15-17 September, 2011. South East Asian Fisheries Development Center, Training Department, Bangkok. 2011.

Sivasubramaniam, K. Some observations on the tuna fisheries in the Indian Ocean, particularly in the Central Equatorial Sub-Region. 1987. In: Collective Volume of Working Documents Presented at the Expert Consultation Stock Assessment of Tunas in the Indian Ocean Held in Colombo, Sri Lanka 4 -8 December 1986. p. 295-298.