Vol. 2, No. 4, p. 333-341 - Dec. 31, 2015
Distribution of credit, flow of fish and sharing system on marketing channel in eight fish landing centers in the Southeast part of the Bay of Bengal at Chittagong, Bangladesh
Bikram Jit Roy, Nripendra Kumar Singha, A. H. M. Hasan Ali and Md. Gaziur Rhaman
The study was conducted during January to December, 2013 to analyzed marketing channel at Gohira, Jahazghata, Katghor, Anandabazar, Kattoli, Kumira, Bashbaria and Sitakunda fish landing centers in South-East part coastal region of the Bay of Bengal at Chittagong District. Data were collected from fishers, depot owner, whole sellers, retailer and consumers about money/loan (credit) distribution, fish marketing system and sharing system of harvested fish. In these areas major three types of fishing observed in artisanal fisheries. In gill net fishing, mainly harvest national hilsa fish (Tenualosa spp); at set bag net fishing, juvenile of fishes, shrimps, crabs and etc are exploits and in pakua jal (modified set bag net) fishing caught sergestid shrimp or 'gura icha' (Acetes spp). In these coastal areas most of the fishermen are needy; most of them have no boats or nets & works as daily labor and have a large family consist 6-8 members. They always receive loan or dadan from the local elites or dadandar/Mohajon (Moneylender) who are rich in land, money & mussel energy. Marketing channel in the study areas, where as the money/credit moves from aratdar to fishermen as loan/dadon through different intermediaries such as, 'aratdar', 'bapari', 'mohajon', 'wholesaler', 'faria', 'paiker' and fishermen. Prior to hilsa season, fishers require loan and according to conditions, bound to sell the total hilsa catch to the dadandar's arat or godhi in 200/- taka less per mond (37.5 kg) to the present market value. In the market chain, fishes moves from fishermen to consumers via different market intermediaries like as, fisher men, mohajon, bapari, aratdar, faria, wholesaler, paiker and consumer. And in sharing system; boat and nets suppliers gets 50-60% and 35-40% share on the total hilsa catch, respectively. Among the rest 5-10% of fish, maji (Boatman) gets 50% of fish or selling money and another 50% divided into 3 or 4 people, who's had work as daily labor in fishing. It was observed that, marketing system in the study areas are same in some other landing centers and few have different.
Landing center, fishing season, loan (dadan), dadandar, retailer and consumer.
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